Update: 2006-03-18 06:05 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Nelumbonaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngwč, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{pa.doan°-ma-kra} Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.1-158

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KS-TMN 169

{pa.doan°-ma-kra} Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.1-158

Botanical name: Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. Fruct. I.73,t. 19, f.2.1788.
Myanmar name: Padone-mar-kyar; Kyar-khaung-laung.
English name: Sacred Lotus; Chinese Water-lily; Egyptian Bean; Indian Lotus: Pythagorean Bean
Family: Nelumbonaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein :1-158
 {pa.doan°-ma-kra}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right -- close up of a flower
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A large aquatic perennial herb with milky latex; rootstock a slender, elongate, branched, submerged rhizome. Leaves alternate, simple, raised high above the water; petioles very long, erect, smooth, with small distant prickles; laminae orbicular, concave or cupped, peltate, the margins entire, multicostate, reticulate, radiatedly nerved, membranous, the surfaces glabrous, the surfaces glabrous, glaucous. Inflorescences scapose, the scapes 1-flowered, long and stout, flexible, prickly, floating. Flowers showy, fragrant, bisexual, actinomorphic, polymerous, hypogynous. Calyx aposepalous, the sepals 4-5, small, caducous. Corolls apopetalous, the petals numerous, elliptic, obtuse, erect, concave, later spreading, many-seriate, caducous. Androecium polyandrous, stamens numerous, acyclic, the anthers dithecous, linear-oblongoid, with a clavate appendage, basifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistils many, apocarpous, the pistil 1-carpelled 1-loculed, the ovary oblongoid, sunk in the flat top of the obconic spongy torus, the ovule solitary pendulous, the style obsolete, the stigma discoid. Fruit an aggregate of indehiscent nutlets, the seed filling the carpel, testa spongy, non-endospermic.

Flowering period: October-December
Fruiting period: November-January

Distribution: Aquatic, in warmer parts of Myanmar

Parts used and uses: Root -- Expectorant; Biliousness; To allay thirst. Young leaf -- Dysuria; Haematemesis: Haemorrhoids. Petioles -- Biliousness; Dysuria; Haematemesis; Constipation; Indigestion; Carminative. Flower -- Metrorrhagia; Skin disease; Eye disease. Pollen -- Promotes spermatogenesis; Astringent; Oedema; To allay thirst; Bleeding piles; As an antidote for poisons. Ovary -- Metrorrhagia; Expectorant; Biliousness; To allay thirst; For cleansing oral cavity. Seed -- For perpetuation of conception; Promotes spermatogenesis; Haematemesis. Nectary -- Eye disease

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