Update: 2006-03-18 04:09 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Myrsinaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{krak-ma.oak} Ardisia humilis Vahl.1-171

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KS-TMN 166

{krak-ma.oap} Ardisia humilis Vahl.1-171

Botanical name: Ardisia humilis Vahl Symb. Bot. 111 40. 1794.
Myanmar name: Kyet-ma-oke;
English name: --
Family: Myrsinaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein :1-171
 {krak-ma.oap}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A shrub; younger stems cylindrical, glabrous. Leaves alternate, simple; exstipulate; petioles short, stout; laminae elliptic or obovate-elliptic, the bases cuneate or obtuse, the margins entire, the tips shortly acuminate, unicostate, reticulate, the surfaces glabrous, coriaceous. Inflorescences in axillary corymbose cymes; bracts deciduoud. Flowers ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-sect, campanulate, the lobes elliptic, petaloid, pinkish, persistent and accrescent and closely pressed to fruit. Corolla synpetalous, 5-partite, twisted to the right in bud, the tubes short, the lobes acute, pink. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 5, epipetalous, opposite the corolla lobes, the filaments very short, inserted, the anthers dithecous, ovoid-lanceolate, basifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary ovoid, 5-carpelled, syncarpous, 1-loculed, placentation free central, the ovules 10 in the locule, the style 1, stout, the stigma simple. Fruit a drupe, globose with peristent style, obscurely depressed, exocarp fleshy, endocarp stony, bright scarlet; seed 1, globose, endosperm copious.

Flowering period: August-September
Fruiting period: October-January

Distribution: Grows wild in moist and shady places of Myanmar

Parts used and uses: Leaf and fruit -- Chronic dysentery; Haemoptysis; Promote spermatogenesis; Burning sensation; Metrorrhagia:; Biliousness; Carminative; Heal boils and carbuncles; Gives energy; Dysentery.

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