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TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Myristicaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{za-teip~hpo}   Myristica fragrans Houtt.>1-509

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KS-TMN 165

{za-teip~hpo}  Myristica fragrans Houtt.1-509

Botanical name: Myristica fragrans Houtt. Hist. Nat. 11.3.233.
Myanmar name: Zadeik-hpo
English names: Nutmeg, True Nutmeg, Common Nutmeg, False Aril, Fragrant Nut-tree, Mace Tree.
Family: Myristica

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein :1-509
 {za-teip~hpo}

Photos:


left -- habit with flowers

right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A lofty evergreen tree. Leaves alternate, simple; exstipulate; petiolate; laminae elliptic-lanceolate or elliptic-oblong, sometimes oblanceolate, the bases obtuse to rounded, the margins entire, the tips acute to acuminate, unicostate, reticulate, the surfaces glabrous, the lower glaucous, coriaceous. Inflorescences in fasciculate cymes, axillary or supra-axillary, dioecious. Flowers bracteolate, pedicellate, unisexual, actinomorphic, trimerous, hypogyous. Perianth synphyllous, 3-lobed, sepaloid, coriaceous, glabrous, deciduous. Staminate flowers: Androecium monadelphous, stamens 9-12, the filaments united to form a solid cylindric stipitate staminal column, the anthers dithecous, ovoid, sessie, adnate dorsally to the apex of the staminal column, extrorse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistillode absent. Pistillate flowers: Perianth similar to the staminate flower. Staminodes absent. Pistil 1, ovary superior, 1-carpelled, 1-loculed, the enclosed in a fleshy brightly coloured aromatic aril, endosperm copious, ruminate.

Flowering period: February
Fruiting period: April

Distribution: Cultivated at Moatamaa and all throughout Taninthayi in moist and hot places.

Parts used and uses: Fruit -- Seeds (kernel). Fruit wall, Aril (Mace), Inner portion of the bark -- Appetizer; Loss of appetite; Carmiantive; Expectorant; Cough; Infection; Emesis; Oedema; Cold; Heart disease; Laryngitis; Diarrhoea; heal carbuncles; Chronic diarrhoea; Indigestion; Colic; Gas distention; Inflammation of gums. Fruit wall -- Carminative; Cough; Asthma; Appetizer; To allay thirst; Infection; Antidote for poisons; Expectorant; Gains weight; Purexia; Aphrodisiac; Aphrodisiac, Hepatitis; Pneumonitis; Ascites; Arthritis; Paralysis agitans; Increase bile secretion; Controls spermatogenesis. Friut -- Cholera; Diarrhoea: Indigestion; Emesis; Diabetes; Anaemia; To allay thirst; Heals carbuncles; Dysentery; Asthma; Cough; Loss of a appetites; Sinusitis; Expectorant; Carminative; Haemorrhoids; Cardiomyopathies. Aril (Mace) -- Appetizer; Cough; Expectorant; Emesis; Asthma; To allay thirst;  Cleanse oral cavity.

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