Update: 2006-03-18 04:19 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Moringaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{dan.da.lun} ; {dan.tha-lun} Moringa oleifera Lamk.2-087

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KS-TMN 162

{dan.da.lun} ; {dan.tha-lun} Moringa oleifera Lamk.2-087

Botanical name: Moringa oleifera Lamk. Encyc. 1:398. 1785.
Myanmar names: Dant-da-lun; Dant-tha-lun.
English names: Drumstick Tree; Indian Horse-radish
Family: Moringaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein :2-087
{dan.da.lun} ; {dan.tha-lun}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A small or middle-sized tree, deciduous; bark gray, corky, wood soft, spongy, the younger stems terete, tomentose. Leaves alternate, usually tripinnately compound, imparipinnate; exstipulate; petioles cylindrical, pulvinate; petiolules slender, pinnae and pinnules opposite, the pinnules (leaflets) 6-9 pairs, the terminal leaflet obovate, slightly larger than the lateral ones, the lateral leaflets elliptic to oblong, the bases oblique, the margins entire, the tips retuse, the upper surfaces puberulous, the lower glabrous; stipels as minute glands at articulations. Inflorescences axillary paniculate cymes; peduncles glabrous; bracts linear, minute. Flowers ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, zygomorphic, cymes; pentamerous, hypogynous. Perianth apophyllous, 2-seriate, sepals 5, elliptic, reflexed, unequal, borne on the rim of the hypanthium, tomentose; petals 5, inserted on the rim of hypanthium, the anterior petal elliptic, larger, erect, the other petals spathulate with curved claws, reflexed, white to yellowish white, papillose, hypanthium cup-shaped. Androecium polyandrous, stamens borne on the disc rim, the inner whorl of 5 fertile stamens alternating with an outer whorl of 5 staminodes, the filaments unequal in length, the bases dilated, tomentose, the anthers monothecous, oblongoid, dorsifixed, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary ellipsoid, 3-carpelled, syncarpous, 1-loculed, stipitate, curved, villous, the ovules numerous, in 2 rows on each of 3 parietal placentae, pendulous, the style 1, slender, the stigma truncate. Fruit a silique-like capsule, elongated, triquetrous, 3-valved, 9-ribbed; seeds globose, many, 3-winged, non-endospermic.

Flowering period: November-January
Fruiting period: December-February

Distribution: Planted

Parts used and uses: Bark and leaf decoction -- Analgesic for severe pains. Bark of root -- Expectorant; Analgesic; Antiseptic; Aphrodisiac; Promotes peristalsis of the intestine; Oedema; Indigestion; Emphysema of the lungs; Heart disease; Eye disease; Otalgia; Lipoma; Heals boils and carbuncles. Leaf -- Analgesic; Alcohol intoxication; Confusion; Hiccough; Asthma; Eye disease; Biliousness. Flower -- Oedema; Ascites; Cancer; As an expectorant and carminative. Seed -- Head-ache; Antidote for poisons; Eye disease. Seed-oil -- Pruritis; Heals boils and carbuncles.

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