Update: 2006-03-18 04:14 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Menispermaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{hsing-toan:-ma.nw~} Tinospora cordifolia Miers.1-483

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KS-TMN 161

{hsing-toan:-ma.nw~} Tinospora cordifolia Miers.1-483

Botanical name: Tinospora cordifoia Miers. in Ann. Hist. Nat. 2. Ser. V11 38. 1851.
Myanmar names: Sindone-ma-nwe; Sinngo-mani;
English name: Heart-leaved Moon seed
Family: Menispermaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein :1-483
 {hsing-toan:-ma.nw~}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A large climbing shrub, lianous; stems grooved, succulent, glabrous, bark corky. Leaves alternate, simple; exstiperlate; petioles tendrillar; laminae broadly ovate to orbicular, the bases cordate with a broad sinus and large basal lobes, the margins entire, the tips acute, 3-to 5-costate, reticulate, the surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences racemes, axillary or terminal or cauliflorous, lax, often exceeding leaf length; bracts subulate. Flowers ebracteolate, pedicellate, cuisexual, dioecious, actinomophic, trimerous, hypogynous. Staminate flowers fascicled in the axils of small bracts. Calyx aposepalous, sepals 6, 2-seriate, the 3 outer minute, ovate-oblong, acute, the 3 inner larger, membranous, broadly elliptic, concave, yellow. Corolla apopetalous, petals 6, 2-seriate, equal, broadly spathulate, the claw cuneate, smaller than sepals. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 6, opposite the petals, the anthers 4-celled, oblongoid, adnate, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistillode obsent. Pistillate  flowers solitary; sepals and petals similar to the staminate, but with green sepals. Staminodes 6, short, clavate. Pistils 3, ovaries 3, apocarpous on the short fleshy gynophore, each ovary 1-carpelled, 1-loculed, the placentation parietal, the ovule solitary in each, the stigmas forked. Fruit a drupe, dorsally conuex, ventrally flat, style-scan subterminal, endocarp rugose, ribbed on the back, reddish; seeds oblongoid, dorsally ridged, ventrally depressed, obscurely muricate, endosperm copious or scanty.

Flowering period: June - August
Fruiting period: August - December

Distribution: Commonly grows wild throughout the tropical regions of Myanmar.

Parts used and uses: Stem -- Jaundice; Cough; Leprosy; Emesis; Vertigo; To allay thirst; Heartburn; Good for heart; Gives energy; For longevity of life; Arthritis; Herpes; Bleeding piles; Infections; Carminative; Biliousness; Expectorant; Leucorrhoea; Neuropathy; Otalgia; Palpitation of heart; Antidote for poisons; Indigestion. Leaf -- Jaundice.

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