Update: 2006-03-18 05:50 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Meliaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{ta.ma} ; {ta.ma-hka:} Azadirachta indica A. Juss. 2-009
{pan:ta.ma} Melia azedarach L. 2-006

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KS-TMN 157

{ta.ma} ; {ta.ma-hka:} Azadirachta indica A. Juss. 2-009

Botanical name: Azadirachta indica A. Juss. in Mem. Mus.Par.19:221. 1830.
Myanmar name: Ta-mar; Ta-mar-kha.
English name: Neem Tree; Indian Lilac; Margosa Tree.
Family: Meliaceae.

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 2-009:
 {ta.ma} ; {ta.ma-hka:}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A large tree; younger stems cylindrical, pubescent, the older ones glabrous. Leaves alternate, unipinnately compound, paripinnate to sometimes imparipinnate; exstipulate; petioles glabrous, pulvinate; racheae glabrous; petiolules obsolete; leaflets in 4-6 opposite pairs, obliquely elliptic, subfalcate, if imparipinnate, the terminal ones smaller, the bases oblique, the margins irregularly serrate, the tips acuminate, the surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences in axillary paniculate cymes; penduncles glabrous; bracts small, narrowly ovate, caducous. Flowers pedicellate, bracteoles minute, caducous, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypoghnous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-lobed, basally connate, the lobes ovate, glabrescent with hairy margins, sepaloid. Corolla apopetalous, petals 5, oblanceolate, glabrescent, white. Androecium monadelphous, stamens 10, the staminal tubes with toothed apices, striated, glabrous without, tomentose within, white, the anthers dithecous, ovoid, sessile, inserted withing the staminal tubes slightly below the apices, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary ovoid, glabrous, 3-carpelled, syncarpous, 3-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovules 2, collateral in each locule, the styles cylindrical, the stigma 3-lobed, disc subtending the ovary minute. Fruit a 1-seeded drupe, oblongoid, glabrous; seed ellipsoid, glabrous, non-endospermic.

Flowering period: January-April
Fruiting period: March-June

Distribution: Grows wild in dry forests. Commonly planted throughout Myanmar.

Parts used and uses: Metrorrhagia; Emesis; Oedema: Leprosy; Infections; Carbuncles; Loss of appetite; Fatigue; To allay thirst; Cough; Antidote for poisons; Heal sores; Pyrexia. Twig -- Cough; Asthma; Haemorrhoids; Abdominal tumours; Infections. Leaf -- Haematemesis; Opthalmia; Leprosy; Infections; Loss of appetite; Biliousness; Good for eyes; Astringent effect; Antidote for poisons. Flower -- Biliousness; Expectorant; Infections. Unripe fruit -- Leprosy; Abdominal tumours; Haemorrhoids; Infections. Ripe fruit -- Haematemesis; Opthalmia; Chest pain. Seed and oil -- Leprosy; Infections. Seed oil -- Biliousness; Carminative; Expectorant; Leprosy; Infections; Carbuncles; Haemorrhoids; Oedema; Biliary infection; Blood disease; Pyrexia

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KS-TMN 158

{pan:ta.ma} Melia azedarach L. 2-006

Botanical name: Melia azedarach L. Sp. Pl. 384. 1753.
Myanmar name: Pan-tamar
English name: Bead Tree; Persian Lilac; Bastard Cedar: Pride of China; Pride of India
Family: Meliaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 2-006:
 {pan:ta.ma}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A large tree, trunks short, erect; younger stems ferruginous pubescent, the older ones glabrous. Leaves alternate, bipinnately compound, imparipinnate; exstipulate; petioles glabrous, pulvinate; leaflets in 1-4 opposite pairs on each secondary racheae, ovate to sometimes oblique, the bases obtuse to sometimes oblique, the margins serrate, the tips acuminate, the surfaces glabrous; petiolules short, foliaceous, pinnate to bipinnate on the primary peduncles. Flowers pedicellate, bracteoles minute, caducous, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-lobed, basally connate, the lobes ovate, ferruginous without, glabrous within. Corolla apeopetalous, the petals 5, oblanceolate, pubescent without, glabrous within, light purple. Androecium monadelphous, stamens 10, the staminal tube with toothed apices, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, inserted within the staminal tube slightly below the toothed apices, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary ovoid, glabrous, 5-carpelled, syncarpous, 5-loculed, the placentation axile, with 2 superposed ovules in each locule, the style 1, cylindrical, the stigma 5-fid, the disc subtending the ovary annular. Fruit a drupe, ovoid or oblongoid, glabrous, dark green to yellow; seed 1, 5-grooved, glabrous, endosperm thin and fleshy.

Flowering and fruiting periods: March-May

Distribution: Grows wild and cultivated throughout tropical Myanmar.

Parts used and uses: Haematemesis, Pyrexia; Leprosy; Emesis; Cholera; Heart; disease; Skin infection; Expectorant; Cause dehydration of the body; Haemorrhoid; Infections; Cough Burning sensation of the body; Antidote for rat bite poison. Leaf and flower -- Oedema during pregnancy; Menstrual disorder; Amenorrhoea; Diabetes; Lithiasis; Inflections; Epilepsy; Intestinal Colic; Haemorrhoid; Head-ache. Flower -- Scabies; Pruritis; Pimples; Skin disease. Seed -- Arthritis; Haemorrhoid; Polyuria; Muscle stiffiness; Destrution of hair follicles. Heart wood -- Osteoarthritis of the knee.

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