Update: 2006-03-18 05:41 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Malvaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{hkaung-ran:} Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. 1-265

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KS-TMN 154

{hkaung-ran:} Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. 1-265

Botanical name: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.Sp.Pl. 694. 1753.
Myanmar name: Khaung-yan
English name: Shoe flower
Family: Malvaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 1-265:
{hkaung-ran:}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right -- close up of a flower
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A perennial shrub, woody; younger stems stellate-puberulent, inner bark tenacious, sap mucilaginous. Leaves alternate, simple; stipulate; petiolate; laminae ovate to ovate-lanceolate or 3-lobd, the bases obtuse, the margins irregularly and coarsely settate towards the tip, entire near the base, the tips acute to acuminate, 5-costate, reticulate, the surfaces stellate-puberulent. Inflorescences solitary cymes, axillary; bracts similar to the leaves. Flowers bracteloate, the bracteoles 6-7, free, linear-lanceolate, forming an epicalyx, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-partite, campanulate, the lobes lanceolate, stellate-pubescent. Corolla apopetalous, the petals5, obovate, clawed, stellate-pubscent, deep red with a crimson centre. Androecium monadelphous, stamens numerous, the filaments united to form a staminal tube, antheriferous about one-third its length at the distal end, the anthers monothecous, reniform, dorsifixed, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary oblongoid, obscurely 5-angled, stellate-tomentose, 5-carpelled, syncarpous, 5-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovules 2 in each locule, the style 1,5-fid, wholly enclosed within the staminal tube, the stigmas 5, capitate, velutinous, borne on separate stigmatic branches. Fruit not seen.

Flowering period: Throughout the year
Fruiting period: Throughout the year

Distribution: Planted

Uses: Roots, leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds -- Perpetuation of conception; Diabetic neuropathy; Oligospermia; Pelvic inflammatory disease; Burning sensation of the body; Astringent; Good for hair growth
Root or white flowers -- Leucorrhoea
Leaf or red flowers -- Leucorrhoea
Red flowers -- Menorrhagia

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