Update: 2006-03-18 05:32 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Magnoliaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo NgwÚ, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{sa.ka:wa} ; {sa.ka:} ; {san░pa} Michelia champaca L. 1-363

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KS-TMN 153

{sa.ka:wa} ; {sa.ka:} ; {san░pa} Michelia champaca L. 1-363

Botanical name: Michelia champaca L Sp. Pl. 531. 1753
Myanmar name: Saga-Wa; Saga; Sampar
English name: Golden Champa; Yellow Champa
Family: Magnoliaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 1-363:
 {sa.ka:wa} ; {sa.ka:} ; {san░pa}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers and fruits
right -- close up of a flower
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
An evergreen tree, tall with a straight trunk; branches spreading, dense, the younger stems pubescent. Leaves alternate, simple; stipules convolute, deciduous; petioles short; laminae ovate-lanceolate, the bases obtuse to rounded, the margins entire, the tips acute, unicostate, reticulate, the upper surfaces glabrous, glaucous, the lower glabrescent. Inflorescences in solitary cymes, axillary; bracts spathaceous, coriaceous, pubescent, greyish yellow, enclosing the floral bud, deciduous. Flowers ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, polymerous, hypogynous. Calyx and corolla undifferentiated, perianth segments 15, apophyllous, arranged in whorls of 3, pale yellow or orange, very fragrant; sepals or the outer whorl oblong, acute; petals or the inner 4 whorls linear. Androecium polyandrous, stamens numerous, spirally disposed on basal portion of the androphore, the filaments short, the anthers dithecous, linear, adnate, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistils many, spirally arranged on an style short, stigmatose on the inner surface.

Flowering period: June - August
Fruiting period: September - November

Distribution: Grows wild, common in low hills up to 3000ft. Planted.

Part used and uses: Cure haematemesis; Dysuria; Leprosy; Pruritis; Boils, Carbuncles; Infections. Promotes spermatogensis; Good for heart; Kills wasps; Antidote for poisons.
Bark: Dry cough
Root or root bark: Heals boils and carbuncles
Leaf: Puperial pyrexia; Eye weakness; Chest pain; Anthelmintic
Flower: Dysuria; Gastritis; Promotes kidney funtion
Fruit, seed: Inguinal lymph edinitis.

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