Update: 2006-03-18 09:29 AM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Leguminosae - Papilionoideae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{aung-m:hpru} ; {p:nauk-ni} Clitoria ternatea L. 4-169
{n-lh.} Psoralea corylifolia L. 2-145
{pa.dauk} Pterocarpus macrocarpus Kz 2-196
{pauk-pan:} ; {pauk-pan:hpru} Sesbania grandiflora Pers. 2-237

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KS-TMN 145

{aung-m:hpru} ; {p:nauk-ni} Clitoria ternatea L. 4-169

Botanical name: Clitoria ternatea L. Sp. Pl. 753. 1753.
Myanmar names: Aung-me-hpyu; Pe-nauk-ni
English names: Butterfly Pea; Winged leaved Clitoria; Mussel-shell Creeper
Family: Leguminosae - Papilionoideae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 4-169:
{aung-m:hpru} ; {p:nauk-ni}

Photos:
left --habit with flowers and fruits
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge. 

Identification characters:
Scandent undershrubs; stems twining, slender, downy. Leaves alternate, unipinnately compound, 3- to 7- foliolate, imparipinnate; stipulate; petiolate; petiolulate; stipellate; leaflets 3-7, oblong or elliptic-oblong, the bases obtuse to rounded, the margins entire, the tips rounded, retuse, reticulate, subcoriaceous. Inflorescences axillary cymes, solitary; bracts persistent. Flowers with large persistent orbicular bracteoles, pedicellate, bisexual, zygomorphic, pentamerous, hpogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-partite, sepaloid, deciduous. Corolla apopetalous, papilionaceous, 1+2+(2), the posterior or vexillum (standard) spathulate, dark blue with an orange centre, the 2 alae (wings), the 2 carina (keels) incurved. Androecium diadelphous, stamens 10, the filaments long, inserted, the anthers dithecous, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1,ovary oblongoid, 1-carpelled, 1-loculed, the placentation parietal along ventral suture, the ovules many in the locule, the style slender, incurved, the stigma simple. Fruit a pod, linear, flattened; seeds 6-10, yellowish brown, smooth, non-endospermic.

Flowering period: October - December
Fruiting period: November - January

Distribution: Grows wild on hedges throughout tropical regions of Myanmar

Parts used and uses: Roots, leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds -- Carthartic; Brain disease; Leprosy; Analgesic; Colic; Inflammations; Burning sensation; Expectorant; Infections; Heal boils and carbuncles; As an antidote for snake venoms and other poisons; Good for eyes. Root -- Dysuria; Cathartic; Brain tonic; Infectious diseases; Eye diseases; Elephantiasis; Heals sores and boils; Leprosy; Leucoderma; Biliousness; Expectorant; Head-ache; As an antidote for snake venoms and other poisons. Leaf -- Ear diseases; Aphrodisiac; Oedema. Flower -- Infantile eye disease. Seed -- Ascites; Hepatomegaly; Orchitis; Hiccough.

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KS-TMN 146

{n-lh.} Psoralea corylifolia L. 2-145

Botanical name: Psoralea corylifolia L. Sp. Pl. 764. 1753.
Myanmar name: Ne-hle
English name: Babchi seeds
Family: Leguminosae-Papilionoideae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 2-145:
{n-lh.}

Photos:
left --habit with flowers and fruits
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge. 

Identification characters:
An annual herb; stems erect, solid, longitudinally ridged, sericeous, gland-dotted, the young stems 5-ribbed. Leaves alternate, simple; stipules lanceolate, reflexed, sericeous; petioles 5-ribbed, canaliculated at the adaxial sides, sericeous, gland-dotted; laminae ovate to broadly ovate, the bases truncate or rounded, obscurely oblique, the margins dentate, undulate, the tips acute, 5-costate at the sinus reticulate, sericeous, gland-dotted. Inflorescences axillary racemes, 30- to 45-flowered, densely borne at the terminal ends of the peduncles; peduncles 5-ribbed, sericeous, gland-dotted; bracts ovate, subtend every third flower on the peduncle, sericeous, gland-dotted; persistent. Flowers small, ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, zygomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-lobed, companulate the lobes ovate with acute tips, the anterior lobe largest, sericeous, gland-dotted, persistent. Corolla apopetalous, papilionaceous, 1+2+(2), the posterior or vexillum (standard) orbicular, crested in the middle of the upper margin, the limbs purple, the claws paler, the 2 laterals or alae (wings) oblong, auricled at one basal side of limb, white with purple tips, the 2 lower or carina (keels) obliquely spathulate, the claw long and narrow, white with dark purple fused tips, glabrous. Androecium diadelphous, stamens 1+(9), inserted, the anthers dithecous, dimorphic, the anther lobes of the vexillary stamen and those of the shorter filaments cuboid, dorsifixed, those of the 5 longer filaments ovoid, basifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary ellipsoid, 1-carpelled, 1-loculed, the placentation parieta lalong ventral suture, the ovule solitary in the locule, the style filiform, the stigma discoid; gynophore short warty. Fruit a pod, oblongoid, pale green, warty, glabrous; seed solitary, oblongoid, rarely flatteded, dark brown to blackish, aromatic, non-endospermic.

Flowering period: October-December
Fruiting period: November-March

Distribution: Grows wild, common in topical plains of Myanmar

Parts used and uses: Roots, leaves, flowers, fruits, seeds -- Haematemesis; Heart disease; Asthma; Leprosy; Heartburn; Infections; Gives energy
Fruit: Biliousness; Expectorant; Carminative; Leprosy; Emesis; Oedema: Asthma; Cough; Indigestion; Good for skin and hair growth.

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KS-TMN 149

{pa.dauk} Pterocarpus macrocarpus Kz 2-196

Botanical name: Pterocarpus macrocarpus Kurz. in Journ. Asiat. Soc. Beng. 63;2, 187.
Myanmar name: Padauk
English name: Burma Rosewood
Family: Leguminosae-Papilionoideae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 2-196:
{pa.dauk}

Photos:
left -- flowers and fruits
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge. 

Identification characters:
A tree; younger stems fulvo-pubescent. Leaves alternate, unipinnately compound, paripinnate, exstipulate; petiolate; petiolulate; exstipellate; leaflets ovate-oblong to ovate, the bases truncate, the margins entire, the tips retuse, reticulate, the upper surfaces glabrous, the lower fulvo-glabrescent, especially on the veins, coriaceous; rachises fulvo-puberulent. Inflorescences in paniculate cymes, terminal and axillary, 1-2 per axil; bracts minute, caducous. Flower bracteolate, the bracteoles minute, caducous, pedicellate, the pedicels as long as the calyx, fulvo-pubescent, bisexual, zygomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-fid, turbinate, the lobes subulate, small, fulvo-pubescent. Corolla apopetalous, papilionaceous, bright deep yellow, the petals 1+2+2, about half the length longer than calyx, the claws long, the posterior (standard) orbicular, crisped, the 2 laterals (wings) hastate, crisped, the 2 lower (keel) free. Androecium diadelphous, stamens 10, 5 in each phalange, the anthers dithecous, dorsifixed, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary ellipsoid, obscurely stalked, 1-carpelled, 1-loculed, the placetation parietal along ventral suture, the ovules many in 2 alternating rows on a single placenta, the style filiform, slightly incurved, the stigma simple. Fruit a pod, orbicular, with a brosd rigid wing, canescent, beak of pod at the basal corner, silky and veined against the seed; seed 1, subreniform, non-endospermic.

Flowering period: April-May
Fruiting period: June-August

Distribution: Commonly grows wild all over Myanmar

Parts used and uses: Wood -- Dysentery; Constipation. Leaf -- Pyrexia. Fruit -- Emetic.

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KS-TMN 150

{pauk-pan:} ; {pauk-pan:hpru} Sesbania grandiflora Pers. 2-237

Botanical name: Sesbania grandiflora Pers. Syn. 11. 316. 1806.
Myanmar names: Pauk-pan, Pauk-pan-hpyu
English name: --
Family: Leguminosea-Papilionioideae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 2-237:
{pauk-pan:}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge. 

Identification characters:
A small tree, wood soft, branches terete. Leaves alternate, unipinnately compound, imparipinnate; exstipulate; petioles short, pulvinate; leaflets 16-30 pairs, linear-oblong, the bases rounded to obtuse, the margins entire, the tips rounded to obtuse, mucronate, the surfaces glabrous, deciduoud. Inflorescens in short axillary racemes, laxly flowered, buds falcately recurved. Flowers showy, ebracteolate, 2-lipped, glabrous. Corolla apopetalous, the petals 5, long-clawed, papilionaceous, the posterior or vexillum (standard) broad, the 2 laterals or alae (wings), the 2 lower or carina (keels) obtuse, straight, white. Androecium diadelphous, stamens 1+(9), inserted, the anthers dithecous, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary linear-oblongoid, the gynophore distinct, 1-carpelled, 1-loculed, the placentation parietal along ventral suture, ovules numerous in the locule, the style filiform, incurved, the stigma capitate. Fruit a pod, long, narrow, falcate, not torulose, dehiscent, septate transversely between the seeds, the sutures much thickened; seeds numerous, oblongoid, non-endospermic.

Flowering and fruiting periods: October-December
Distribution: Grow wild and cultivated throughout Myanmar.

Parts used and uses: Root -- Arthitis; Inflammations. Fresh bark -- Leucorrhoea.  Leaf -- Metrorrhagia; Epilepsy; Psychosis; Migraine; Purifies blood; Infections; Antidote for poisons. Flower -- Migraine; Xerophthalmia associated with lack of vitamin A. Fruit -- Heart disease; Epilepsy; Promotes intellectual capacity; Colic.

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End of TIL file