Update: 2012-12-17 06:59 AM +0630

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Leguminosae - Mimosoideae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo NgwÚ, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{rha:} ; {thhya:}  Acacia catechu Willd. 3-102
{kin-mwun:hkying}  Acacia concinna DC. 1-096
{nan:loan░:-kraing} Acacia farnesiana Willd. 2-150
{hta.nhaung:} Acacia leucophloea Willd. 2-056
{kok~ko} ; {a.˝a kok~ko} Albizzia lebbek Benth. 1-106

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KS-TMN 134

{rha:} ; {thhya:} Acacia catechu Willd. 3-102

Botanical name: Acacia catechu Willd. Sp. Pl. iv. 1079. 1805.
Myanmar name: Sha
English names: Black catechu; Catechu; Catechu nigrum; Cutch; Pegu catechu
Family: Leguminosae-Mimosoideae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 3-102:
{rha:} ; {thhya:}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge. 

Identification characters:
A moderate sized tree, deciduous; branches armed with substipular recurved prickles, bark rough dark couloured, the younger stems dark brown or purple, glabrous. Leaves alternate, bipinnately compound, paripinnate; stipules as recurved prickles; petioles bear solitary apical glands; primary rachis with glands between the pairs of the secondary ones, the glands solitary, black, 3-5, the secondary racheae 11-14 pairs, pubescent, leaflets 24-37 pairs, linear, ligulate, minute, overlapping, the bases obtuse, oblique, the margins entire, the tips subacute. Inflorescences in axillary cylindrical spikes, pendant; penduncled. Flowers sessile, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, shortly 5-toothed, campanulate, the outer surfaces pubescent. Corolla synpetalous, 5-lobed, 2-3 times longer than calyx, the lobes ovate-oblong, pubescent, pale yellow. Androecium polyandrous, stamens numerous, the filaments filiform, much exserted, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, not gland-crested, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary oblongoid, 1-carpelled, 1-loculed, the placenta, the style filiform, the stigma minute, capitate, the gynophore distinct. Fruit a pod, ligulate, flat, thin, not jointed, sutures straight, shining, brown, apex beaked, the base stalked; seeds 3-10, non-endospermic.

Flowering period: June-July
Fruiting period: July-September

Distribution: Grows wild throughout Myanmar. Common in dry low plains.
Parts used and uses: Root, bark, leaf, flower, fruit -- Leprosy. Bark -- Leucoderma; Fistula in ano; Antidiarrhoea; Cough. Leaf -- Polyuria. Flower -- Metrorrhagia. Resin -- Tooth applicant for strong teeth; Haemostasis; Diarrhoea; Bowel antiseptic; Chronic sores; Gonorrhoea; Dry cough; Apthus ulcer; Ottorrhoea; Inflammations in oral cavity; Haemorrhoids.

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KS-TMN 137

{kin-mwun:hkying}  Acacia concinna DC. 1-096

Botanical name: Acacia concinna DC. Prodr. 11 464. 1825.
Myanmar name: Kinmun-gyin;Kinmun
English name: --
Family: Leguminosae - Mimosoideae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 1-096:
{kin-mwun:hkying}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the p ictures to enlarge. 

Identification characters:
A climbing shrub, armed with numerous small recurved prickles; younger stems terete, longitudinally striated, glabrescent. Leaves alternate, bipinnately compound, paripinnate; stipules ovate, deciduous; petioles bear solitary basal glands, pulvinate, the primary rachis bear interpetiolar glands at the base of the terminal 1-2 pairs of secondary racheae, terminally appendaged, arned with 5 small recurved prickles, the secondary racheae 5-8 pairs, bear a gland each between the terminal 2-3 pairs of leaflets, stipels cordate or ovate; leaflets 5-25 pairs, oblong, oblique, the bases rounded or truncate, the margins entire, the tips acute or mucronate. Inflorescences in globose  heads, axillary, head bearing peducles 3-4 per axil; bracts persistent. Flowers bracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-toothed, campanulate, glabrous. Corolla synpetalous, 5-partite, campanulate, the tube about twice the length of calyx, the lobes subulate, yellow, glabrous. Androecium polyandrous, stamens numerous, the filaments filiforn, about  twice the length of corolla, the anthers dithecous, minute, not gland-crested, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary oblongoid, obscurely compressed, pubescent, 1-carpelled, 1-loculed, the placentation parietal along ventral suture, the ovules many in the locule, of 2 alternating rows on a single placenta, the style filiform, longer than filaments, the stigma minute, capitate; gynophore short. Fruit a pod, oblongoid, straight, slightly compressed, constricted between the seeds, indehiscent, rugose; seeds 5-18, ovoid, compressed, brown, non-endospermic.

Flowering and Fruiting periods: May - July

Distribution: Grows wild and cultivated in tropical regions throughout Myanmar.
Parts used and uses: Leaf -- Ascites; Hepatitis; Unproductive cough; Leprosy; Haemorrhoids; Tumours; Indigestion; Biliousness; Expectorant; Good for heart. Fruit -- Abortifacient; Cathartic; Antidote for snake venom; As hair shampoo for antiseptic  and antidandruff; Pain due to cystitis. Seed -- Emetic; Diuretic; Cathartic.

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KS-TMN 138

{nan:loan░:-kraing} Acacia farnesiana Willd. 2-150

Botanical name: Acacia farnesiana Willd. Sp. Pl. iv 1083.1805.
Myanmar name: Nan-lone-kyaing
English names: Cassie flowers; Sponge tree; Stinking acacia
Family: Leguminosae - Mimosoideae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 2-150:
{nan:loan░:-kraing}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge. 

Identification characters:
A shrub or a low tree; branches slender, zigzag, armed with stipular spines. Leaves alternate, bipinnately compound, paripinnate; stipules spinescent, the spines straight, hard and sharp; petioles bear solitary glands about mid-length; primary rachis pubescent, secondary racheae 5-7 pairs, pubescent; leaflets 15-20 pairs, linear-oblong, minute, the bases obtuse, oblique, the margins entire, the tips acute, glabrous, coriaceous. Inflorescences in axillary pedunculate globose heads, the head bearing peduncles shorter than the leaves; bracts ciliate, persistent. Flowers bracteolate, the bracteoles ciliolate, pedicellate, besexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, campanulate, 5-fid, teeth short triangular, petaloid, yellow. Corolla synpetalous, 5-lobed, the lobes obtuse, minute, deep yellow. Androecium polyandrous, stamens numerous, the filaments filiform, much exserted, more than twice the length of corolla tube, the anthers dithecous, not gland-crested, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary linear-oblongoid, 1-carpelled, 1-loculed, the placentation parietal along ventral suture, the ovules many in the locule, of 2 alternating rows on a single placenta, the style filiform, the stigma minute, capitate, the gynophore distinct. Fruit a pod, subcylindrical, slightly curved, short, thick, sutures straight, mesocarp pulpy, indehiscent, divided into 6-23 pairs of 1-seeded chambers, dull brown, closely striated; seeds non-endospermic.

Flowering period: October-November
Fruiting period: November-December

Distribution: Common throughout Myanmar. Planted.
Parts used and uses: Bark -- Metrorrhagia; Pruritis; Bronchitis; Diarrhoea; Dysentery; For the treatment of tooth-ache, toothdecay and pyorrhoea; As an antidote for poisons; Heals carbuncles. Gum -- Aphrodisiac; Gives energy

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KS-TMN 141

{hta.nhaung:} Acacia leucophloea Willd. 2-056

Botanical name: Acacia leucophloea Willd. Sp. Pl. iv 1083. 1805.
Myanmar name: Hta-naung
English name: White Babool
Family: Leguminosae - Mimosoideae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 2-056:
{hta.nhaung:}

Photos:
left -- flowers
right -- habit with flowers
Click on the pictures to enlarge. 

Identification characters:
A tree; branches armed with stipular spines, bark yellowish, the younger stems pubescent. Leaves alternate, bipinnately compound, paripinnate; stipules spinescent, spines short, stout and straight; petioles bear solitary apical glands; primary rachis bears 7-9 interpetiolar glands, terminally appendaged, the secondary racheae 7-9 pairs, pubescent; leaflets 12-17 pairs, oblong, minute, the bases obtuse, oblique, the margins entire, the tips acute, coriaceous. Inflorescences terminal paniculate cymes bearing globose heads; bracts persistent. Flowers bracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-fid, petaloid, brownish yellow, the tube length about three times shorter than the corolla tube. Corolla synpetalous, twice longer than calyx length, 5-lobed, the lobes minute, valvate, brownish yellow. Androecium polyandrous, stamens numerous, the filaments filiform, much exserted, about twice the length of corolla tube, the anthers dithecous, not gland-crested, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary linear-oblongoid, 1-carpelled, 1-loculed, the placentation parietal along ventral suture, the ovules many in the locule, of 2 alternating rows on a single placenta, the style filiform, the stigma minute, capitate, the gynophore distinct. Fruit a pod, ligulate, falcate, thin and flat, sutures straight, tomentose; seeds 10-20, non-endospermic.

Flowering period: April-May
Fruiting period: June-September

Distribution: Grows wild, common in dry zone plains
Parts used and uses: Bark -- Antiseptic; Antipyretic; Oedema; Cough; Emesis; To allay thirst; Burning sensations; Metrorrhagia; Mental disorders; Leprosy. Wood of fresh roots -- Rabies

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KS-TMN 142

{kok~ko} ; {a.˝a kok~ko} Albizzia lebbek Benth. 1-106

Botanical name: Albizzia lebbeck Benth. In Hook. Lond. Jorun. Bot.111.67.1844.
Myanmar names: Kokko; Anya-kokko
English names: Parrot Tree; Sinis Tree; Sizzling Tree; Indian Walnut.
Family: Leguminosae-Mimosoideae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 1-106:
{kok~ko} ; {a.˝a kok~ko}

Photos:
left --habit with inflorescences
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge. 

Identification characters:
A deciduous tree; stems unarmed, the younger ones glabrous, lenticels white. Leaves alternate bipinnately compound, paripinnate; stipules persistent; petioles with a large gland above the base; primary rachis bears glands between every pair of secondary racheae, the secondary racheae 3-5 pairs; petiolules short, glands present between bases; leaflets 8-14 pairs, oblong, the terminal pair obovate-oblong, the bases obtuse or truncae, oblique, the margins entire, the tips obtuse, the lowest ones markedly reduced, overlapping, subcoriaceous, glabrous. Inflorescences paniculate globose heads from the axils of compact upper nodes, the head bearing peduncles short, 2-4 together from axils of upper leaves; bracts persistent. Flowers bracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, companulate, 5-fid, sepaloid. Corolla synpetalous, 5-lobed, infundibuliform, twice calyx length, the lobe lanceolate, greenish yellow, fragrant. Androecium monadelphous at the base, stamens numerous, the filaments length much longer than the corolla, the anthers dithecous, minute, not gland-crested, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary linear-oblongoid, 1-carpelled, 1-loculed, the placentation parietal along ventral suture, the ovules many in the locule, of 2 alternating rows on a single plancenta, the style filiform, the stigma capitate, the gynophore short. Fruit a pod, linear oblongoid, thin and flat, yellowish brown; seeds elliptic-oblongoid, 6-10, brown, non endospermic.

Flowering period: September-November
Fruiting period: November-April

Distribution: Grows wild throughout Myanmar. Common in dry upper Myanmar plains. May ascend to 3000ft
Parts used and uses: Antidote for poisons; Oedema; Metrorrhagia; Herpes; Cough; Eezema; Skin disease; Boils and pustules; Pruritis. Root -- Migraine. Bark -- Oedema, Cough; Toxic infectiond, Diseases of the blood; Stiffness of back; Haemorrhoids; Antidote for rat-bite poison. Leaf -- Eye disease. Flower -- Asthma; Antidote for snake bite. Seed -- Nytolopia.

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End of TIL file