Update: 2006-03-18 08:44 AM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Lecythidaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngwé, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{kyi~:} ; {kyi~:-ni} } ; {ré-kyi~:} Barringtonia acutangula Gaertn. 1-148

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KS-TMN 121

{kyiñ:} ; {kyiñ:-ni} } ; {ré-kyiñ:} Barringtonia acutangula Gaertn. 1-148

Botanical name: Barringtonia acutangula Gaertn. Fruct. 11,97. 1791.
Myanmar names: Kyee; Kyee-ni; Ye - kyee
English names: Indian Oak; Small Indian Oak
Family: Lecythidaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 1-148:
{kyiñ:} ; {kyiñ:-ni} } ; {ré-kyiñ:}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge. 

Identification characters:
A tree; younger stems slender, glabrous, pale grey. Leaves opposite to sub-alternate, simple, crowded towards the ends of branches; exstipulate, the tips acute to rounded, sometimes emarginate, unicostate, reticulate, not gland-dotted. Inflorescences in terminal and axillary racimiform spikes slender, pendulous, many-flowered; bracts small, ovate, deciduous. Flowers bracteolate, the bracteoles caducous, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, tetramerous, epigynous. Calyx synsepalous, infundibuliform, 4-lobed, the lobes orbicular, ciliolate, the tube nearly as long as the lobes, persistent. Corolla apopetalous, the petals 4, elliptic-oblong, red, the bases adnate to the staminal tube, inserted on the margin of the annular disc. Androecium monadelphous, stamens about 50, all fertile, the filaments filiform, reddish, connate at the bases, to form a staminal tube, the anthers dithecous, versatile, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal; disc annular, adnate to the staminal tube. Pistil 1, ovary inferior, 2-carpelled, syncarpous, 2-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovules 2-8 in each locule, pendulous, the style long, filiform, the stigma 2-lobed. Fruit a berry, oblongoid, quadrangular, broadest in the middle, subtruncate at each end, crowned by the persistent calyx lobes, 1-seeded by abortion; seed solitary, ovoid-ellipsoid, non-endospermic.

Flowering period: January-April
Fruiting period: May - August

Distribution: Grows wild in Myanmar, common near water edges of streams, lakes and ponds.

Parts used and uses: Whole plant -- Carminative. Root -- Cathartic; For longevity of life. Leaf -- Indigestion; Promotes peristalsis of the intestine. Seed -- Vertigo; Neurological disease; Oxytocic; Colic; Antiseptic; Ophthalmina; Epiphora; Gastric ulcer; Constipation; Common cold; Cough; Deafness; Migraine; Listlessness and lack of activity; Psychoses; Sudden onset of fever; Greyness of hair, Leucoderma; Menorrhagia; Sterility in woman; Impotency; Haemarrhoids; Nyctalopia; Asthma; Jaundice; Back-ache; Boils, Cuts, Bruises; Ringworm; Anthelmintic; Antidote for snake and scorpion venoms; Carminative; As an expectorant

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