Update: 2006-03-17 06:33 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Gramineae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngwé, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{kyu} ; {kyu-ma.} ; {a.lo-kyu} Arundo donax L. 1-133

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KS-TMN 102

{kyu} ; {kyu-ma.} ; {a.lo-kyu} Arundo donax L. 1-133

Botanical name: Arundo donax L. Sp. Pl. ed. 1:81. 1753.
Myanmar names: Kyu, Kyu-ma, Alo-kyu.
English name: Great Reed
Family: Gramineae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 1-133:
{kyu} ; {kyu-ma.} ; {a.lo-kyu}

Photos:
left -- habit
right --  habit with flowers
Click on the pictures to enlarge. 

Identification characters:
A perennial herb, 2-3 metres tall; culms (stems) stout, erect, terete, internodes fistular, nodes solid, tumid, the bases form runners; roots adventitious, fibrous. Leaves alternate, simple, solitary at the nodes, 2-ranked, ligules hyaline, hirsute; bases sheathing, the sheaths envelop and overlap the culm, longitudinally grooved, glabrous, the blades linear-lanceolate, flat, the bases cuneate, the amrgins entire, the tips acuminate, the surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences in terminal panicles bearing spikelets, each 3- to 4- flowered, subtended by 2 glumes, membranous, persistent. Florets bracteate, pedicellate, bisexual zygomorphic, hypogynous. Lower glumes elliptic, green, pubescent; upper glumes elliptic, green, pubescent; lemmas lanceolate, awned, green; palea lanceolate, hyaline, membranous, subtends the floret; lodicules 2, ovate. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 3, the filaments short, iserted, the anthers dithecous, basifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistill 1, ovary ovoid, glabrous, 3-carpelled, syncarpous, 1-loculed, the placentation basal, the ovule solitary in the locule, the styles 2, united at the base, exserted, the stigmas bifurcate, plumose. Fruit a caryopsis, ovoid, yellow; seeds endospermic, copious.

Flowering period: October-November
Fruiting period: December

Distribution: Grows wild along coastal water edges of Myanmar.

Parts used and uses: Metrorrhagia; Carminative; Angina pain; Dysuria; Vaginitis; Herpes; Disinfectant of urine; Promotes spermatogenesis; Asthma; As an expectorant.

UKT: Medical terms from AHTD and other sources:
me·tror·rha·gi·a n. 1. Bleeding from the uterus that is not associated with menstruation. me ”tror·rha“gic adj.
car·min·a·tive adj. 1. Inducing the expulsion of gas from the stomach and intestines. n. 1. A drug or agent that induces the expulsion of gas from the stomach or intestines. 
an·gi·na n. 1. Angina pectoris. 2. A condition, such as severe sore throat, in which spasmodic attacks of suffocating pain occur. [Latin quinsy from Greek ankhon¶a strangling]
dys·u·ri·a n. 1. Painful or difficult urination.
vag·i·ni·tis n. 1. Inflammation of the vagina. Also Called colpitis .
her·pes n. 1. Any of several viral diseases causing the eruption of small blisterlike vesicles on the skin or mucous membranes, especially herpes simplex or herpes zoster.

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