Update: 2006-03-17 04:57 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Cucurbitaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{krak-hin:hka:} Momordica-charantia L. 1-185

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KS-TMN 090

{krak-hin:hka:} Momordica charantia L. 1-185

Botanical name: Momordica charantia L.Sp. Pl. 1009. 1753.
Myanmar name: Kyet-hin-ga
English name: Carilla fruit
Family: Cucurbitaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 1-185:
{krak-hin:hka:} 

Photos:
left -- close up of  flowers
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge. 

Botanical name: Momordica charantia L.Sp. Pl. 1009. 1753.
Myanmar name: Kyet-hin-ga
English name: Carilla fruit
Family: Cucurbitaceae

Identification characters:
An annual slender climber; stems long, much branched, 5-angled, grooved, pubescent, young parts pubescent or villous. Leaves alternate, simple, palmatisect, 5- to 7- lobed; exstipulate; tendrils simple, slender, angular, spirally coiled, pubescent; petioles stout, canaliculate at the adaxial sides, pubescent; laminae 5- to 7- sect, obscurely orbicular in outline, the lobes may or may not lobulate, the bases deeply cordate, the margins sinuate-dentate, the tips acute, 5- to 7- costate, reticulate, the surfaces pubescent or puberulent. Inflorescences axillary and solitary cymes; bracts large, orbicular, usually found at or below postillate flower, persistent. Flowers monoecious, ebracteolate, pedicellate, unisexual, zygomorphic, pentamerous, epigynous. Calyx synsepalous, campanulate, 5-lobed, the lobes ovate, acute, the tube short, with 2-3 basal oblong incurved scales. Corolla synpetalous, 5-lobed, rotate, the tube very short, inserted on the rim of calyx tube, lemon-yellow. Staminate flowers: stamens 3, inserted on the mouth of the corolla tube, the filaments short, flattened, the anthers sigmoid, at first cohering, at length free, monothecous in one stamen, dithecous in the other 2 stamens, dorsifixed, extrorse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistillode absent. Pistillate flowers: Calyx and corolla characters similar to the staminate flower. Pistil 1, ovary ellipsoid, muricate, 3-carpelled, syncarpous, 1-loculed, the placentation parietal, ovules many, the style short, the stigma 3-lobed. Fruit a berry, ellipsoid, rostrate, muricate, green when young, bright orange when ripe; seeds obovoid, compressed, rugose, sculptured, aril red, non-endospermic.

Flowering and fruiting periods: Throughout the year

Distribution: Cultivated throughout Myanmar.

Parts used and uses: Roots, leaves, flowers, fruits and seeds -- Opthalmia; Biliousness; Expectorant; Pyrexia; Metrorrhagia; Anaemia; Urinary infections; Heals carbuncles; Bronchitis; Pruritis; Infections; Fissure in ano; Vaginitis. Leaf infusion -- Jaundice; Splenomegaly. Fresh leaf infusion -- Lithiasis; Stromatitis; Infections. Young fruit -- Arthritis. Fruit infusion -- Ascites; Cholera; Laryngitis

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