Update: 2006-03-18 01:21 AM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Capparidaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{ka.tak} ; {koan:ka.tak} Crataeva nurvala Ham. 1-277*

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KS-TMN 077

{ka.tak} ; {koan:ka.tak} Crataeva nurvala Ham. 1-277*

Botanical name: Crataeva nurvala Ham. in Trans.Linn Soc. xv. 121.1827.
Myanmar names: Kadet; Kone-kadet
English name: Garlic Pear
Family: Capparidaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 1-277:
{ka.tak} ; {koan:ka.tak}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right --  fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A deciduous tree, much branched. Leaves alternate, palmately compound, 3-foliolate; exstipulate; petioles long; petiolulate; leaflets ovate-lanceolate or obovate, the bases obtuse, oblique in lateral leaflets, the margins entire, the tips gradually acuminate, reticulate, the surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences in dense terminal corymbs; bracts minute. Flowers ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx aposepalous, sepals 4, ovate, petaloid, inserted on the edge of the hemispheric disk, deciduous. Corolla apopetalous, petals4, ovate or oblong, with long claws, open in bud, greenish white when young, greenish yellow when old. Androecium polyandrous, stamens numerous, the filaments filiform, longer than petals, adnate to base of gynophore, purplish or whitish when young, lilac when old, the anthers dithecous, basifixed, introrse, dehisence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary ellipsoid, stalked, borne on a long gynophore, 2-carpelled, 1-loculed, the placentation parietal, the ovules many on each entruded placenta, the stigma sessile, discoid. Fruit a berry, fleshy, ovoid; seeds reniform, many, brown, imbedded in pulp, non-endospermic.

Flowering period: April-May
Fruiting period: June-August

Distribution: Commonly grows wild or cultivated throughout Myanmar.

Parts used and uses: Root bark -- Dysuria; Lithiasis; Abdominal tumour; Arthritis; Metrorrhagia; Infections; Cystitis; Diabetes; Inguinal lymph adenopathy; High fevers; Carminative; Expectorant. Leaf -- Arthritis; As an analgesic

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