Update: 2006-03-18 01:16 AM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Boraginaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{hsing-lak-maung:kri:} ; {hsing-nha-maung:kri:} Heliotropium indicum L. 1-487

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KS-TMN 074

{hsing-lak-maung:kri:} ; {hsing-nha-maung:kri:} Heliotropium indicum L. 1-487

Botanical name: Heliotroplum indicum L. Sp. Pl. 130. 1753.
Myanmar names: Sinlet-maung-gyi; Sinnha-maung-gyi
English name: -
Family: Boraginaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 1-487:
{hsin-lak-maung:kri:} ; {hsin-nha-maung:kri:}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers and fruits
right --  wild growing plants
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
An annual herb, coarse, succulent; stems stout, cylindrical, with longitudinal grooves, branches ascending, densely hirsute. Leaves alternate or subopposite, simple; exstipulate; petioles obscurely winged; laminae ovate or ovate-oblong, the bases rounded, then narrowed and decurrent into the petiole, the margins crenulate, the tips subacute, unicostate, reticulate, the veins more conspicuous on the lower side, the upper surfaces puberulent, the lower villous. Inflorescences scorpioid cymes, spicate, terminal and unilateral on the peduncle, leaf apposed; bracts lanceolate, persistent. Flowers ebracteolate, sessile, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-partite, the lobes linear-lanceolate. Corolla synpetalous, 5-lobed, infundibuliform, the tubes tubular, the lobes orbicular, spreading, imbricate or contorted in bud, naked at the throat, light mauve. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 5, epipetalous, inserted, the filaments very short, alternate with the corolla lobes, the anthers dithecous, ovoid, basifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary ovoid, 2-carpelled, syncarpous, 2-loculed, becoming 4-loculed at maturity due to false septation, the ovule 1 in each locule, the placentation axile, at times seemingly basal, the style 1, terminal, the stigma conoid-linear. Fruit a durpe, ovoid, 2-lobed, 4-ribbed, separating into two, 2-seeded, 2-pointed pyrenes; seeds 4, ovoid, endosperm abundant.

Flowering period: April-June-October
Fruiting period: July-August-November

Distribution: A common weed on road-sides and stream-bed areas.

Parts used and uses: Leaf -- Astringent; Antipyretic for high fevers; Analgesic; Remedy for sores. Leaf juice -- Excessive lacrimation.

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