Update: 2006-03-18 01:02 AM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Bombacaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngwč, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{lak-pan°} Salmalia malabarica Schott. et Endl. 3-235

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KS-TMN 073

{lak-pan°} Salmalia malabarica Schott. et Endl. 3-235

Botanical name: Salmalia malabarica Schott. et Endl. Melet. 35. 1852.
Myanmar name: Let-pan
English names: Semal Tree; Silk Cotton Tree
Family: Bombacaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 3-235:
{lak-pan°}

Photos:
left -- habit with fruit
right --  close up of a flowers
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A tree; stems of younger trees armed with sharp conical woody prickles, the younger stems glabrous, lenticels many. Leaves palmately  compound; exstipulate; petioles cylindrical, glabrous; petiolules short; leaflets 4-5, elliptic to broadly elliptic, the bases obtuse, the margins entire, obscurely undulate, the tips acute to acuminate to attenuate, glabrous. Inflorescences axillary or subterminal, the cymes solitary, the flowers appearing below the leaves, usually cauliflorus; bracts absent. Flowers ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-to 7-lobed, campanulate, glabrous, coriaceous. Corolla apopetalous, the petals 5, oblong, the tips acute, scarlet, the outer surfaces stellate-tomentose, the inner stellate-tomentose, the inner stellate-pubescent. Androecium polyadelphous, stamens numerous, the staminal column divided into one central phalange and 5 outer phalanges, the central phalange entirely enclosing the style, the anthers monothecous, reniform, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary ovoid, 5-carpelled, syncarpous, 5-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovules many in each locule, sericeous, the style cylindrical, wholly enclosed within the central phalange, the stigmas 5, linear. Fruit a loculicidal capsule, 5-valved, ovoid, downy, lined within with white silky hairs; seeds ovoid, numerous, packed in a woolly proliferation (white cotton) of the pericarp, endosperm scanty.

Flowering and fruiting periods: February - April

Distribution: Grows wild throughout the tropical regions of Myanmar.

Parts used and uses: Root -- Oedema; Biliousness; Impotency; Promotes spermatogenesis; Pyuria; Dysuria; Haematuria; Small pox. Bark: Menorrhagia; Spermatorrhoea; Herpes; Dysuria; Sore throat; Fatigue; Heart disease; Dysentery; Gains weight. Leaf -- Myositis stiffness. Flower -- Haematemesis; Pneumonitis; Splenomegaly; Leucorrhoea; Leucoderma; Bleeding piles; Metrorrhagia; Ascites; Biliousness; Expectorant; Purifies blood. Fruit -- Aphrodisiac; Expectorant; Purifies blood; Gains weight; Haematemesis; Haemorroids. Seed --  Small pox. Resin -- Menorrhagia; Infantile diarrhoea; Dysentry; Diarrhoea; Promotes spermatogenesis.

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End of TIL file