Update: 2006-03-17 02:58 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Bignoniaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{E-ka.raiz} Millingtonia hortensis L. 4-105
{kraung-sha} Oroxylum indicum Vent. 1-194

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KS-TMN 069

{E-ka.raiz} Millingtonia hortensis L. 4-105

Botanical name: Millingtonia hortensis Linn. f. Suppl. 291.
Myanmar name: Aegayit
English name: Indian Cork Tree
Family: Bignoniaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 4-105:
{E-ka.raiz}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right -- flowers close up
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
An erect tree; branches drooping, bark corky. Leaves opposite, tripinnately compound; exstipulate; petiolate; petiolulate, the upper tertiary leaflets sessile; exstipellate; leaflets ovate-lanceolate, the bases rounded or cuneate, the margins serrate, the tips acuminate, pubescent when young, glabrescent. Inflorescences in paniculate cymes, terminal or axillary, the cymules 3-flowered; bracts minute. Flowers ebracteolate, pedicellate, besexual, zygomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-toothed, campanulate. Corolla synpetalous, 5-lobed,infundibuliform, the tube long, slender, cylindrical, white. Androecium didynamous, stamens 4,epipetalous, the filaments shortly exserted, the anthers dithecous, one cell ovoid, the second cell appearing as a small hook, white, dehiscence longitudinal; disc small, cushion-like. Pistil 1, ovary subsessile, 2-carpelled, syncarpous, 2-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovules numerous in each locule, the style long, the stigma 2-lobed, ellipsoid. Fruit a 2-valved septicidal capsule, oblongoid, acute at both ends, flat, woody; seeds discoid, compressed, winged, except the base, the wing narrow at the apex, non-endospermic.

Flowering period: October - December
Fruiting period: November - February

Distribution: Commonly grows wild or planted throughout Myanmar.

Parts used and uses: Leaf and root -- Hypertension; Plague; Stimulating effect on cardiovascular system; Purify blood;         Alcohol intoxication; Antidote for poisons. Root -- Leucoderma; Muscle stiffness; Alcohol intoxication; Giddiness. Leaf -- Small pox; Amenorrhoea

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KS-TMN 070

{kraung-sha} Oroxylum indicum Vent. 1-194

Botanical name: Oroxylum indicum Vent. Dec. Gen. Nov. 8. 1808.
Myanmar name: Kyaung-sha
English: Indian Trumpet flower
Family: Bignoniaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 1-194:
{kraung-sha}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers and fruits
right -- flowers close up
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A small tree, deciduous; bark light brown, corky, lenticels numerous, the younger stems glabrous. Leaves opposite, decussate, decompound, ternate; exstipulate; petiolate; petiolules short; exstipellate; leaflets ovate or elliptic, the bases rounded or obtusely acute, the margins entire, the tips acute to acuminate, the surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences terminal racemes; peduncles long, stout; bracts distinct. Flowers ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, zygomorphic, pentamerous, hypogynous. Calyx synsepalous, 5-lobed, campanulate, coriaceous, persistent. Corolla synpetalous, 5-lobed, campanulate, ventricose, the lobes orbicular, subequal, crisped, reddish purple, fleshy, caducous. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 5, epipetalous, inserted, the filaments straight, 4 subequal, the fifth one shorter, the bases woolly, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, divergent below, the connective with a short mucro, basifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal; disc large, fleshy,. Pistil 1, ovary oblongoid, subsessile, 2-carpelled, syncarpous, 2-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovules numerous in each locule, the style filiform, the stigma 2-lobed. Fruit a 2-valved septifragal capsule, oblongoid, tapering to both ends, flat, valves semiwoody; seeds discoid, compressed, numerous, with a broad hyaline wing, non-endospermic.

Flowering period: June - July
Fruiting period: July -  September

Distribution: Commonly grows wild throughout Myanmar. Also cultivated.

Parts used and uses: Root bark, fruit -- Good for the treatment of heart and neck diseases; Haemorrhoids; Abdominal tumours; Infections; Flatulence; as an expectorant. Plant -- Leprosy; Diarrhoea; Dyspepsia; Cough; Infections; Nausea, Vomitting; Abscess; Flatulence. Root bark -- Neurological disorders; Life saver; Asthma; Cough; Migraine; Indigestion; Postpartum uterus contraction pain; Gynaecological diseases. Leaf -- Oropharyngeal ulcer; Opium intoxication. Flower -- Improves appetite.

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