Update: 2006-03-17 03:58 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Asparagaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo NgwŔ, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{ka.˝wut} Asparagus officinalis L. 1-039

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KS-TMN 066

{ka.˝wut} Asparagus officinalis L. 1-039

Botanical name: Asparagus officinalis L. Sp. Pl. 313. 1753.
Myanmar name: Kanyut
English names: Asparagus; Grass; Sparagrass; Sparrow Grass; Wild Asparagus.
Family: Asparagaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 1-039:
{ka.˝wut}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A perennial herb, rootstock stout, creeping, stems erect, terete, much branched. Leaves cauline, alternate, spinescent, bearing axillary cladophylls, in tufts of 2-6 the cladophylls acicular. Inflorescences in axillary cymes; bracts small, ovate, scarious. Flowers fragrant, ebracteolate, pedicellate, bisexual, actinomorphic, trimerous, hypogynous. Perianth synphyllous, petaloid, campanulate, 6-partite, 2-seriate of 3 segments each, imbricate in bud, white. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 6, as long as the perianth, 2-seriate, epiphyllous, attached to the bases of the perianth segments, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, purplish, dorsifixed, introrse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary globose, 3-lobed, 3-carpelled, syncarpous, 3-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovules 6-8, biseriate in each locule, the style 1, th stigma 3-fid. Fruit a berry, globose, reddish; seeds 2-6, black, brittle, endosperm abundant.

Flowering and fruiting periods: August - September

Distribution: Grows in tropical deciduous forests and planted throughout Myanmar.

Parts used and uses: Cardiac inotropic; Perpetuate conception; Urinary tract infection; Lithiasis; Palpitation of heart; Arthritis; Gastro-intestinal disorder; Elephantiasis; Frequent bowel movement. Shoot -- Carminative. Root -- Gains weight

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