Update: 2006-03-17 03:57 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Aristolochiaceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{Eith~tha.ra.mu-li}  Aristolochia indica L. 4-61

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KS-TMN 058

{Eith~tha.ra.mu-li}  Aristolochia indica L. 4-61

Botanical name: Aristolochia indica L. Sp. Pl. 960. 1753.
Myanmar name: Eik-thara-muli
English name: Indian Birthwort
Family: Aristolochiaceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 4-061:
{Eith~tha.ra.mu-li}

Photos:
left -- habit with flowers
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
Woody climbers; stems 6-angled, ribbed; underground stems or rhizomes small, bear numerous wiry roots. Leaves alternate, simple; exstipulate; petiolate; laminae pandurate, the bases obtuse, the margins obscurely entire, the tips acute, unicostate, reticulate. Inflorescences axillary racemes, 3- to 7-flowered, epigynous. Perianthe synphyllous, the limb 2-lobed, ligulate, dark purple, the tubes cylindrical with a globose base, pale green, mouth oblique. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 6, adnate to the style, forming a cupular column or gynosteminum, the filaments sessile, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, adnate, extrorse, inserted, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistil 1, ovary narrowly obovoid, 2-carpelled, syncarpous, 6-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovules numerous, one in each locule, the style short and stout, the stigma 6-lobed, Fruit a septicidal capsule, oblongoid, sulcate; seeds triangular, endosperm fleshy.

Flowering period: October-November
Fruiting period: November-January

Distribution: Grows wild throughout Myanmar, common on low hills.

Parts used and uses: Root: Oxutocic: Chronic arthritis; Diaphoretic; Leucoderma; Head-ache; Antidote for snake and scorpion venoms; Dysentery; Amenorrhoea; Infantile diarrhoea, Pyrexia and laryngeal disease. Root decoction -- Arthritis. Leaf: Ascites. Fresh leaf -- Antidote for snake-bite

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