Update: 2006-03-17 03:56 PM +0700

TIL

Medicinal Plants of Myanmar

Araceae

by Kyaw Soe and Tin Myo Ngw, Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA), Series 1, 2004, ISBN 974-91986-0-3
Copied by U Kyaw Tun, and staff of TIL for staff and students of TIL. Not for sale.

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UKT: Nagathein references are given to check the Burmese-Myanmar names. * shows where there is no agreement in Burmese name but when the plant is identifiable from botanical name.

{lin:n} Acorus calamus L. 3-260

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KS-TMN 057

{lin:n} Acorus calamus L. 3-260

Botanical name: Acorus calamus L. Sp. Pl. 1753.
Myanmar name: Lin-ne
English name: Sweet Flag
Family: Araceae

Burmese-Myanmar name in Nagathein 3-260:
{lin:n}

Photos:
left -- flowers
right -- habit with fruits
Click on the pictures to enlarge.

Identification characters:
A perennial marsh herb; rootstock with profusely branched cylindrical rhizomes, bearing many fleshy and a few non-fleshy roots, strongly aromatic. Leaves simple, distichous; exstipulate; sessile; laninae ensiform, the bases equitant, the margins entire, the tips mucronate, unicostate, parallel, very aromatic when crushed. Inflorescences in axillary spadices, the spadix oblongoid, produced direct from the rootstock, borne laterally on the peduncle, erect, very densly flowered, yellowish green; peduncles leaf-like; spathes ensiform, a continuation of the peduncle, subtend the spadix at the base, persistent. Flowers sessile, bisexual, actinomorphic, trimerous, hypogynous. Perianth 6, 2-seriate, apophyllous, the segments orbicular-concave, the tips incurved, brown, scarious, persistent. Androecium polyandrous, stamens 6, in 2 whorls, the filaments linear, flattened, the anthers dithecous, oblongoid, dorsifixed, extrorse, dehiscence longitudinal. Pistill 1, ovary ellipsoid, 1-carpelled, 1-loculed, the placentation axile, the ovules 2 in each locule, the style obscure, the stigmas triangular, mucronate. Fruit a berry, turbinate, prismatic, few-sweeded; seeds oblongoid, endospermic.

Flowering and fruiting periods: January - April

Distribution: Grows wild throughout Myanmar in marshes, especially on the hills or cultivated.

Parts used and uses: Rhizomes: Cathrtic; Diuretic; Antiseptic; Good for larynx; Disinfectant of urine and bowel; Colic; Indigestion; Oedema; Epilepsy; Carminative; Fevers; Psychoses; Expectorant; Unproductive cough; Sore throat; Infantile cough; Flatulence; Haemorrhoids; Anthelmintic; Arthritis; Facial palsy; Migranie; Loss of memory; Head-ache.

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