Update: 2007-03-13 07:03 AM -0500


Myanmar Medicinal Plant Database

compiled by U Kyaw Tun, U Pe Than, and staff of TIL. Not for sale.

Contents of this page:
Romabama entries in English-Latin alphabetical order.

{sa.moan-sa.pa:} Foeniculum vulgare Apiaceae
{sa.mwut} {sa.mwut} Apiaceae
{sn-ka:} Michelia champaca  Magnoliaceae
{sa.pa:ling (moan.hing:hka:)} / {moan.hing:hka: sa.pa:ling} /
  Lemon grass (Chklist) Cymbopogon citratus  Poaceae
{sa.pa:ling (hsap-pra)} / {hsap-pra sa.pa:ling}
   Citronella grass (Chklist) Cymbopogon nardus  Poaceae
{sn.p pan: (tau:)} Jasminum pubescens Oleaceae
{saung:ya:} Averrhoa carambola Oxalidaceae

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Foeniculum vulgare 

Family: Apiaceae; former listing as Umbelliferae

Burmese-Myanmar transcript names:
Agri.Dept.2000 16-0414:  {sa.moan-sa.pa:}
Chklist: Fennel, Samon-saba
LSR 151: {sa.moan-sa.pa:}
Nagathein 1-377: {sa.moan-sa.pa:}
UHM 26: Samon-saba


Myanmar-Script Spelling :
{sa.moan-sa.pa:} -  -- MMDict080
{sa.moan-sa.pa:} - n. aniseed -- MEDict104

UKT: Note that 'aniseed' is Pimpinella anisum and not Foeniculum vulgare .
anise seed or aniseed n. 1. The seedlike fruit of the anise. -- AHTD
anise n. 1. An annual, aromatic Mediterranean herb (Pimpinella anisum) in the parsley family, cultivated for its seedlike fruits and the oil obtained from them and used to flavor foods, liqueurs, and candies. 2. Anise seed. [Middle English anis from Old French from Latin anīsum from Greek anison] -- AHTD

For more information, go to Foeniculum vulgare

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UKT: I am listing {sa.mwut} as Apium graveolens only on the strengths of:
LSR 161:
{sa.mwut}, {ta.roat-nn-nn}
Apium graveolens -- Umbelliferae -- {nn-nn-ta.roat)} 33-0864
Apium graveolens -- Umbelliferae -- {sa.mwat} {ta.roat-nnnn} 17-0422
Apium graveolens -- Umbelliferae -- {ta.roat-nn-nn} 25-0646

Trachyspermum ammi

Family : Apiaceae

UKT: Trachyspermum ammi  is tentatively identified as {sa.mwat} . I am still waiting for more information from Burmese sources.
Synonyms: Carum copticum (L.) Benth. & Hook. f., Carum copticum (L.) C.B. Clarke, Carum ajowan, Ptychotis ajowan, Trachyspermum copticum (L.) Link -- http://www.uni-graz.at/~katzer/engl/Trac_amm.html
Ajwain (Trachyspermum ammi ) is  one of those spices that are very often confused with other plants, despite its unambigous English name. Literature has examples of misidentification with other spices (celery, lovage, nigella) and even nonculinary plants (goutweed, toothpickweed). -- http://www.uni-graz.at/~katzer/engl/Trac_amm.html

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
Agri.Dept.2000 :
Chklist: Bishop's weed, Lovage, Samok
Nagathein :

Myanmar-Script Spelling
{sa.mwat} - -- MMDict080
{sa.mwat} /|samu'|/ - n. kind of shrub, Carum copticum -- MEDict104

UKT: See Apium graveolens . Is it {ta.roat-nn-nn} or {sa.mwat}? Is {ta.roat-nn-nn} and {sa.mwat} the same?
   The answer to the first question: Apium graveolens  is most likely to be {ta.roat-nn-nn}.
   The answer to the second question: It is most probable that {ta.roat-nn-nn} and {sa.mwat} are different., because, the only sources that state that they are the same are the Agri.Dept2000 and its sister publication LSR.

Now the question, what is {sa.mwat}? Chklist names a plant with Burmese name "Samok". If Samok is {sa.mwat}, then it must be Trachyspermum ammi .

Trachyspermum ammi (L.) Sprague . Habit: Shrub . Distribution: Cultivated . Common Names: Bishop's weed, Lovage, Samok -- Chklist

But the plant given by MEDict104, is Carum copticum , not Trachyspermum ammi .

USDA-NRCS gives:
"CACO44","Carum copticum (L.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex C.B. Clarke",">> Trachyspermum ammi","Apiaceae"

Based on the above considerations MMPDB will treat,
Apium graveolens? as {ta.roat-nn-nn}, and
Trachyspermum ammi  as {sa.mwat}.

For more information, see Trachyspermum ammi

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UKT: Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook. f. & Thomson . Habit: Tree . Distribution: Cultivated . Common Names: Kadat-ngan, Saga-sein, Ylang-ylang. -- Chklist
   What was the {sn-ka:} tree, the tree to which {pan:B: maung-ting.t} was tied, for his execution, as mentioned in the story of the Min Mahagiri Nat in the Myanmar Nat histories? Since, Nat worship is still practiced in Myanmar, the people tend to look on any flowers with the name {sn-ka:} as the flowers to be avoided in Nat worship.

Michelia champaca

Family: Magnoliaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
Agri.Dept.2000 017-0443: {sn-ka:}, {sn-ka:wa}
L-seik-shin 141 : {sa.ka:wa}
KS-TMN 153: Saga-Wa; Saga; Sampar
Nagathein 1-363: {sa.ka:wa}


Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries
{sanka:} - -- TravPo-M-Dict 088
{sanka:} - n. same as {sanka:wa} [Pali {sam~pa.ka.}] -- Myan-Engl-Dict 114
- {sanka:seim} n. tree bearing flowers which are green when immature, but later turn yellow.
Cananga odorata.
- {sanka:wa} - n. champac; magnolia. Michelia champaca. -- Myan-Engl-Dict 114
- {sam~pa} - n. heartwood from the tree Michelia champaca. -- Myan-Engl-Dict 126

For more information go to: Michelia champaca

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{sa.pa:ling (moan.hing:hka:)}

Cymbopogon citratus
Andropogon citratus

Family: Poaceae

MMPDB2006: {moan.hing:hka: sa.pa:ling}
- Lemon grass (Chklist)

See also: Cymbopogon schoenanthus
{sa.pa:ling (mhw:)}   Nagathein 1-370

Burmese-Myanmar transcripts :
Agri.Dept.2000 16-0411:  {sa.pa:ling hing:-mhw:}
L-seik-shin 149:  {sa.pa:ling (hing:sa:)}
Nagathein 1-370: {sa.pa:ling}
UHM 19:  Sabalin
U San Hla 398: {sa.pa:ling}.

UKT: U San Hla on p398 listed under {sa.pa:ling} the following:  A. citratus  DC., A. schoenanthus , C. citratus Stapf,  C. nardus. Since, C. citratus and C. nardus are different in the  smell of the oil, and the texture of the leaf surfaces, it is obvious that U San Hla cannot be relied on with respect to botanical names.

See the following in :
Lemongrass (the original article)
  from: http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/med-aro/factsheets/LEMONGRASS.html
Lemon grass (Cymbopogon citratus) (the original article)
  from: http://www.puralibre.com/html/eng_lemon_grass.html#StudiesandReferences

Myanmar-Script Spelling :
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
- {sa.pa:ling}  -- TravPo-M-Dict 080
- {sa.pa:ling} - n. lemon grass, Cymbopogon citratus -- -- Myan-Engl-Dict 103

For more information, go to Cymbopogon citratus

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{sa.pa:ling (hsap-pra)}

Cymbopogon nardus

Family: Poaceae

MMPDB2006: {hsap-pra sa.pa:ling}
- Citronella grass (Chklist)

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts:
Agri.Dept.2000 16-0410:   {sa.pa:ling hsi-mhw:}
L-seik-shin 145:  {sa.pa:ling mhw:}
Nagathein : NL

Myanmar-Script Spelling :
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
- {sa.pa:ling}  -- TravPo-M-Dict 080
- {sa.pa:ling} - n. lemon grass, Cymbopogon citratus -- Myan-Engl-Dict 103
UKT: Both TravPo-M-Dict and Myan-Engl-Dict, did not list either {sa.pa:ling hsi-mhw:} or {sa.pa:ling mhw:}, and therefore what is given above (from TravPo-M-Dict 080 and Myan-Engl-Dict 103) do not apply to C. nardus .

For more information, go to Cymbopogon nardus

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{sn.p pan: (tau:)}

Jasminum pubescens

Family: Oleaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts :
Agri.Dept.2000 26-0674: {tau:sanp}
L-seik-shing : NL
KS-TMN 177: Taw-sabai; Sabai
Nagathein 1-373:  {sa.p pan: (tau:)}

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
{sanp} - -- TravPo-M-Dict 088
{sanp} - n. jasmine (Hindi - {sa.m-li}) -- Myan-Engl-Dict 114

For more information, go to Jasminum pubescens

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Averrhoa carambola

Family : Oxalidaceae

Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts
Agri.Dept.2000 18-0458: {saung:lya:}
FAO 073: zaung-ya
L-seik-shin : NL
KS-TMN 178: Zaung-yar
Nagathein 1-399: {saung:lya:thi:}

UKT: A. bilimbi is known as {ta.roat saung:lhya:} -- Agri.Dept.2000 25-0641
[notice {ha.hto:} in Burmese-Myanmar name given which is obviously an orthographical error.]

Myanmar-Script Spelling
Official Myanmar Dictionaries :
- TravPo-M-Dict 091
n. carambola. Averrhoa carambola  - Myan-Engl-Dict 118

For more information, go to Averrhoa carambola


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Entry format: Burmese-Myanmar name / Botanical name / Family / Ref. Burmese-Myanmar transcripts / Official Myanmar Dictionary / Hindi / Sanskrit / English common name used in Myanmar / Picture / Plant identification characters / Distribution in Myanmar / Part used and uses / Constituents /
End of TIL file