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The Sphoṭa theory of language:
a philosophical analysis



by Harold G. Coward, Motilal Banarsidass Publishers Private Ltd. 1st ed. Dehli 1980, reprints Delhi 1986, 1997. ISBN:81-208-0181-4, as given in Google book preview.

Downloaded and edited by U Kyaw Tun, M.S. (I.P.S.T., U.S.A.), Not for sale. No copyright. Free for everyone. Prepared for students and staff of TIL Research Station, Yangon, MYANMAR :  http://www.tuninst.net , www.romabama.blogspot.com

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01. INTRODUCTION : Language - Its Nature and Function - p001

Passages of note in this file:

UKT notes

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01. Language, its nature and function

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. [fn001-01]
-- John

Many who look do not see language, many who listen not not hear it. It reveals itself like a living and well adorned wife to her husband. [fn001-02]
-- Ṛgveda

Aristotle established the classical Western conception of man as the being who has language (logos). Although animals can use signs and sounds tio signal  one another it would seem that man alone possesses the ability to think and to speak, and at the same time to be aware of what is thinking and speaking. Language not only distinguishes man from the animals, it also mediates human knowledge. All knowledge of ourselves and all knowledge of the world comes to us through language. [fn001-03]

In spite of Aristotle's early observation of the importance of language, it is only recently that Western scholarship has begun seriously to study language. The extreme difficulty of this enterprise is at once evident. All thinking about language must, by virtue of human limitations, be done in language itself. One cannot get outside of language so as to objectively examine it. Language must be used to study language from within. In recognition of this difficulty a special name has been coined by scholars currently attempting this task. "Metalanguage" has been proposed to refer to language that theorizes about the nature of language. [fn001-04] [{p001end}]

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Footnotes : Chapter 1

UKT: This is from the second download on 101119. Date of first download not recorded.
The text of the preview of the second download begins from the front cover.

fn001-01. "The gospel According to John" 1:1 The Oxford Annotated Bible. fn001-01b

fn001-02. Frits Stall, "Ṛgveda 10.71 on the origin of language", in Harold Coward and Krishna Sivaraman, eds., Revelation in Indian Thought, p. 5. Here after cited Stall, "Ṛgveda on 10.71". fn001-02b

fn001-03. Hans-Georg Gadamer, "Man and Language: in Philosophical Hermaneutics, trans. D. E. Linge, pp. 59-68. Hereafter cited Gadamer, Man and Language. fn001-03b

fn001-04. See, for example, Frits Staal, "The Concept of Metalanguage and Its Indian Background", in Journal of Indian Philosophy, lll, (1975), pp. 315-354. Hereafter cited Staal, "The concept of Metalanguage". fn001-04b

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UKT notes


From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Metalanguage 101201

Broadly, any metalanguage is language or symbols used when language itself is being discussed or examined.[1] In logic and linguistics, a metalanguage is a language used to make statements about statements in another language (the object language). Expressions in a metalanguage are often distinguished from those in an object language by the use of italics, quotation marks, or written on a separate line.

UKT: More in the Wikipedia article.

Go back metalang-note-b

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